Decoding the AOCs
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Bourgogne wines: decoding the AOCs

The wines of Bourgogne are classified into 100 Appellations d’Origine Contrôlée (AOCs). From appellations Régionales to Grands Crus, they guarantee the authenticity of the region’s wines.
Learn to recognize them – they reflect the diversity of the Bourgogne terroir and the expertise of its winemakers.

Definition

The Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée (AOC) is a form of certification. It guarantees the characteristics of a wine in terms of:
• The terroir where the grapes were grown
• The way it is made, following certain precise steps
• Local savoir-faire, born from traditional methods that have been improved over time
Each wine stamped with an AOC is rigorously checked at every stage of its production.

Did you know...

The Climats and lieux-dits of Bourgogne

In the Bourgogne region, terroir and Climats are intertwined. This jigsaw puzzle, which was born from human patience and observation, reflects the nature of the soil, the arrangement of the various plots in the landscape and history among many other elements.

> The origins of the Climats
 

Decoding the AOCs

A sign of authenticity in the heart of the terroir

© BIVB / IMAGE & ASSOCIES Bottles of Burgundy wines

The Bourgogne region is recognized around the world for its prestigious AOCs, with exactly 100 appellations to its name, representing more than 20% of all AOCs attributed to French wines.

This exceptional profusion has its roots in the diversity of the natural conditions of the vineyards. As such, there can be slight differences between two neighboring plots, in terms of their aspect and/or soil type.

The winegrowers of the Bourgogne region know how to preserve the differences in character brought about by these tiny variations.

 

Appellations Régionales, the whole Bourgogne region within reach

© BIVB / IMAGE & ASSOCIES Bottles of Burgundy wines

Bourgogne Aligoté, Mâcon Villages, Coteaux Bourguignons, Crémant de Bourgogne – these are just a few of the 23 appellations Régionales produced across the Bourgogne winegrowing region.
These wines offer an excellent entry point into the world of Bourgogne wines and are perfect for enjoying between friends.

> All the appellations Régionales

 

Appellations Village, each one is a Bourgogne wine but each is unique

© BIVB / IMAGE & ASSOCIES Bottles of Burgundy wines

The 44 appellations Village take their names from the commune where their grapes were grown, such as Mercurey, Pommard, and Nuits-Saint-Georges.
Discover them on the estate or at home. They will enable you to explore all the diversity of the wines of Bourgogne.

> All the appellations Village

 

Appellations Premiers Crus

© BIVB / IMAGE & ASSOCIES Bottles of Burgundy wines

Specific individual plots within the appellations Village

These wines are produced from single plots, which are precisely defined within an appellation Village. These plots are known as Climats.

On the bottle, the name of the commune is followed by the name of the plot where the grapes were grown, such as Chablis Premier Cru, Montée de Tonnerre for example.

The Climats are anything but a marketing tool. They are a physical and sensorial reality. Taste their wines to truly grasp all their elegant flavors.

> All the appellations Premiers Crus

 

Appellations Grands Crus, the expression of an exceptional Climat

© BIVB / IMAGE & ASSOCIES Bottles of Burgundy wines

These 33 world-renowned Grand Cru wines of Bourgogne express the unique characteristics of some exceptional plots.

On their labels, the name of the village is replaced by a single Climat name such as Corton, Montrachet, Romanée Saint-Vivant or Clos de Tart.

Synonymous with sophistication and uniqueness, these appellations Grands Crus are to be enjoyed on exceptional occasions.

> All the appellations Grands Crus

 
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