The grape vine belongs to the botanical genus vitis and the family ampelidae. It prefers hot or temperate climates. The genus includes a large number of species of which one, vitis vinifera, furnishes all of Europe's – and more especially Bourgogne's – wine grapes.
It is a branched, climbing shrub. Its principal organs are the roots and the stock.
The vegetative cycle begins with the end of winter and the returning warmth of the sun. Baggiolini divides the annual cycle into 10 stages and at each stage there are various operations the vineyard worker has to perform.
The growth cycle for vines in Bourgogne - diagram created by the Bourgogne Wine Board.
The work of the vineyard in Bourgogne